Each judge should take an oath before performing duties in office. The difference between oaths of judges in Iran and let's say the United States is striking. I do not draw conclusion about their judicial systems based on differences of oaths but I think by comparing oaths we can get a glimpse of what is the real mandate of judges. Perhaps we can find something there to explain to us about horrific public executions:
Let's compare oath of judges in Iran and the United States and see the difference:
Oath of judges in Iran:
In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate
I, as a judge, in the presence of the Holy Qur'an and before Iranian nation, swear to Almighty God to follow the Prophet of Islam and the sacred Imams, peace be upon them, and seeking help of the spirits of the martyrs of Islam, guard justice and righteous, and undertake upon my human dignity to be diligent in seeking the truth and justice, administer Islamic justice to demand from oppressor and restore it to its owner and with sustained effort in Judicial position fulfill my obligation to Islamic republic with strengthening the foundations of the Islamic republic and supporting The Leader.
Name and surname
Oath of judges in the United States:
“I, XXX XXX, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will administer justice without respect to persons, and do equal right to the poor and to the rich, and that I will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent upon me as XXX under the Constitution and laws of the United States. So help me God.”The simplicity of oath says it all. In first oath you wouldn't know what the judge stands for! In order of importance it would be Islamic republic, Supreme leader and at the end, maybe "Islamic" justice. But on the second oath, the judge takes oath to administer justice and that's a judge is there for and that's the kind of judge I prefer to see if I am convicted of something!
I quoted "Islamic" justice because the Islamic part of our justice is the reason for high rate of executions, limb amputations and systematic torture in Iran.